How The Length of Credit History Affects Your Credit Score?

Your credit score is a significant determinant of your creditworthiness. The credit report contains a comprehensive record of your payment history, your credit age, and other factors which eventually determines your credit score. Among other factors, the length of credit history plays a meaty role. It accounts for 15% of your credit score. Hence, whether you’ve had credit for 6 months or 10 years can make a big difference in your credit score. You’re a much better candidate for credit cards and loans when you’ve had a long and positive credit history.

What Determines the Length of Credit History?

The credit scoring model looks at the age of your oldest and newest accounts to determine the average credit age. The age of credit history refers to the length of time you’ve been using credit. The length of time since your newest account was opened and the average age of all your accounts are also factored into the length of credit history. Several recently opened accounts can lower your average credit age and hurt your credit score.

How the Length of Credit History Affects Credit Score?

When making lending decisions, lenders review your credit history to determine how likely you are to repay your loan on time. A longer history shows you have more experience using credit and longer track record of repayment. In theory, the longer your credit history, the more accurate lenders can be in determining the level of risk they take on when lending to you. Do not stress out if you are just joining the league as the essential elements of a credit score is not just the length, but to pay your dues on time.

So How Do You Improve Your Credit History?

Do you know that you can check a free credit score on credit bureau websites such as that of CRIF High Mark? Well if you haven’t checked yet, you can do that first. In case you have never applied for a credit card or a loan in your name, your most likely reaction after viewing your score would be “why is my credit score -1 or NH or not available?”. Well don’t worry, it shows -1 or NH because you don’t have any credit history yet. This is your step 1 of building your credit score.

1. Start Early

You will have a good credit age only if you have enough credit history. Hence, although you may be in a position today where you seldom require a credit card, it would be advisable to own one. In this way, your credit history will be established at an early age and would help improve your credit score. Later, when you are actually in need of a loan, you can use this to your benefit.

2. Pay Your Dues on Time
Good credit history is what lenders are looking for. So, if your credit history indicates that you’ve missed payments or over utilized credit cards, a long credit history might not help. On the other hand, if you have a long history of timely payments with a low credit utilization ratio, it shows that you are responsibly managing credit and are worth the risk for lenders. This means that when a lender performs a credit check, you could be more likely to be approved for credit cards and loans at a better interest rate.

3. Retain Older Credit Accounts
Since credit age is all about how old your payment history dates back to, It’s worth considering old credit accounts with a decent track record before closing them. Generally, the longer an account has been open and active, the better it is for the credit score. That’s particularly true for an account with positive payment history, without any delinquency. They surely add to your overall creditworthiness. Having said that, Even when you close a credit card, it will stay on your credit report and continue to reflect for around 7 years.

4. Limit Loan Applications
Applying for multiple loans with multiple banks indicates credit hungry behavior. Also, each time you apply for a loan, the bank conducts a hard inquiry on your account, a number of which hampers your credit score. It also does not help with your credit history length as the average age is reduced due to the opening of simultaneous accounts.

5. Check Your Credit Score Every Once in A While

Regular checking of your credit score is known as a soft inquiry. It does not affect your credit score in any way and is rather a good and harmless practice to keep a track of your progress. Although, overdoing the same is not recommended as it may lead to anxiety and worry. You can check your Credit score for free from CRIF services.

All You Need To Know About Education Loan Process In India – An Infographic

Every parent dreams of their child graduating from a distinguished university or B-school. Here are key points to consider before you apply for an education loan.If you are considering an education loan to help finance your child’s higher education, here are some things you should keep in mind, before you decide:

Keep these points in mind, and you can easily plan your child’s education without a worry. Timely repayment of the education loan will eventually build a healthy credit score, not only for your child but for you too.

NO-HIT Or -1 Or No Score: Is It Bad? What’s The Best Way To Get Build A Credit Score?

If you have never ever availed any loans or possessed any credit cards in India, you will not have your records with any of the credit information companies – therefore no credit history. As such, when you will try to check your credit score from any of the four credit bureaus, you will get a score of -1 or no score (also called No Hit or NH cases).

Is -1 or NH bad? If one doesn’t have any credit history, a bank or a NBFC lacks information from one credible source so it becomes difficult for them to take a decision on your loan application. The lender, in absence of a credit score, will use alternative mechanisms to assess your application and therefore may take longer to decide or may even reject an application. Having a -1 or NH score isn’t bad by itself, it is a genuine condition for a youngster who is starting with the first job or a housewife who is looking to be a co-applicant for a housing loan with her husband.

For a person with no credit history in India, what’s the best way to get started?
If you would like to build your own credit history and get yourself a credit score, you will have to begin by taking a loan or a credit card and use it effectively over some time. Here are a few simple ways by which you can build a credit history:

1. Apply for a Credit Card with your Existing Bank: You can apply for a credit card with the bank with which you have an existing relationship like your salary account. As the banks are generally inclined to offer additional facilities to its existing customers, the absence of a credit history may not bother much to them. Go for the most basic credit card on offer to begin with. However, you may get a lower credit limit in such cases, but nevertheless, your credit card is there and so is your credit history. Further, once you have a credit card, make sure to pay off the credit card dues well in time as regular repayments will translate into a better score for you. Do not spend too much, limit your utilization to 30–40% of the card limit.

2. Apply for a Secured Credit Card: if the first option doesn’t work out for you, you can deposit a small amount say 30K into a Bank FD, and apply for a “secured” credit card against the deposit. The bank will assign you a credit limit of up to 80% of the deposit amount. This is generally a good starting point for even self-employed and professionals.

3. Apply for a Small Ticket White Goods Loan: You may also purchase your next smartphone, TV or laptop on EMI by applying for a small consumer durable loan/ EMI loan. The financiers are available on most large format electronics retail stores as well as on the online e-commerce websites. Consumer Durable Financiers are more comfortable approving loans for customers with no credit history, and the approvals are also almost instant. The good news is that these loans are usually zero cost EMI loans.

4. Apply for a Secured Personal Loan: Most of the banks can offer you a personal loan against the security of your existing term deposits (loan against deposits). Since the term deposit is generally enough to cover the personal loan amount along with interest for a reasonable period, banks may not check your credit report and sanction you a personal loan. Usually, such personal loans may be lighter on your pockets too, as such loans typically carry an interest rate of your FD rate plus 1-2% and FD rates are presented in the range of 6-8%. So, the effective interest rate can be 7-10%.

As they say, ‘Rome was not built in a day, neither will your credit history be.’ It may take six months or even a year depending on how well and often you use and handle credit. However, ensure regular repayments of your loans and credit cards, so that you have a good credit score, reflecting good credit habits. Further, once you have a credit history and a credit score, make sure that you manage your loans and credit cards smartly.

5 Practical Steps to Get You Out of Debt

You are aware how debt limits your opportunities and disturbs your financial life. Also, if you are asking yourself “does debt hurt my credit score?” then yes, it brings it down too. Your debt could be a result of various actions. It could be that you had not anticipated certain medical emergencies, educational expenses or any other unavoidable expense or it could be a result of your relentless spending. Whatever the reason, you have now realized that you want to get out of the debt zone. Here are some practical tips that could get you out of debt:

Create A Plan and Stick to It

Get a piece of paper or open a Google Spreadsheet on your computer. Write down all the amount you owe and plan to clear out all the debt in the next 6 months or any other realistic duration. Chalking out a good plan and religiously following it gives you the determination to come out of your debt. A good debt payment plan involves identifying the areas where you spend your money regularly. You can start by maintaining a spending journal. Many times, we neglect the seemingly minor expenses which mount up to become a decent amount.

At the end of the month, you can manage your money by identifying and eliminating unnecessary expenses. You can try to cut off on some expenses which you can live without such as your YouTube premium or Netflix membership, eating out, clothes, etc. These expenses, although small, may accumulate to become a great saving once you start noting them.

Lower Your Debt to Income Ratio

Your debt-to-income ratio is all your monthly debt payments divided by your total monthly income. This is one of the ways how lenders measure your ability to manage the payments you make every month to repay the money you have borrowed. For example, if you pay a house loan EMI of Rs. 35,000/-; Your Car EMI of Rs. 10,000; and another Rs. 2000 for the rest of your debts with a monthly income of Rs. 90,000/-, then your debt to income ratio will be ((35000+10000+2000)/90000) *100 = 53%. This indicates an unhealthy debt to income ratio.

The ideal debt to income ratio should be 30% or less. Don’t worry if you are not there yet for it is understandable that conditions will not always be perfect. But you can always try to slowly and steadily push yourself below the 30% mark by avoiding further unnecessary debt. While you are at it, keep a track of the developments in your credit score. You can check your free credit score on CRIF High Mark.

Focus On Clearing One Debt at A Time

There are two approaches to go about clearing off your debt, one at a time. The first way, known as the debt snowball, is to make a list and pay off your debts amounting in the ascending order, i.e. from smallest to largest, regardless of the interest rate. The point is to tackle the smallest account at a time and eventually snowballing into larger ones. While this method might accelerate your debt clearance and may give you the confidence to tackle the larger debts as you go down the list, it is not a mathematically sensible method as we aren’t considering the interest rates here. This is where comes the more logical technique called the debt avalanche or laddering.

In laddering, you arrange your debts in the descending order of their interest rates. The one with the highest interest rate becomes your priority. Here you make the minimum payment for every account except the one that you are trying to get rid of first. For this debt, you try to pay the maximum possible amount to clear it off as early as possible. Once that debt is paid completely, move on to the card with the second highest rate and so on. By doing so, you clear off the debt with the highest interest rate and will save the most money. Remember to NOT close the account once the balance is paid off as that will damage your credit. Just let the account sit at zero balance.

Stop (Ab)Using Your Credit Card

One of the easiest ways you can come out of debt is by avoiding going further into debt. One of the factors which keeps you clinging to debt is the use of your credit card. Using a credit card rampantly only serves to add more debt on you. So stop using your credit card, at least for a while, until you get yourself out of debt. This would also add discipline to your life when you stop spending on everything your card can buy. Moreover, your credit score would also benefit hugely as this would bring down your credit utilization ratio.

Sell Your Unused Items

Just a look around your house and you will find that there are a lot of unused items which you are better off without. It could be the pile of newspapers and books, your old printer or DVD player, or even an extra motorcycle, depends on what you need the least right now. In this way, you can also earn some extra cash!

If you follow the above steps diligently, coming out of debt will transform from a distant dream to a cake walk!

Become A CRIF Credit Score High Achiever – An Infographic

Uh oh…remember when a 650 credit score was deemed sufficient to secure the best rates and terms on credit cards, auto loans, home loans, and so on?Well, not anymore! You can also the join the club of high credit score by simply following the practices listed on our infographic and climb all the way to become an achiever.

CRIF Credit Score

A Complete Buyer’s Guide To The Home Loan Process In India – An Infographic

Today millions of Indians are opting for home loans to purchase their dream properties. However, not everyone is acquainted with the process of procuring a home loan. Consequently, many a loan application gets rejected and many a buyer finds himself in a quandary after securing the loan because he is unable to pay off its EMI. It is therefore imperative for home buyers to be well versed with banks’ criteria for disbursing home loans, know their monetary obligations to the bank or financial institution funding their purchase to avoid a negative impact on the credit score in the future. Read on to know more about the home-loan procedure and your loan eligibility and repayment liabilities.

CRIF Home Loan